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Yearbook 2010

Argentina. Former President Néstor Kirchner (2003–07) died in his home town of El Calafate on October 27 from a heart attack. At his side were his wife, the current president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. According to COUNTRYAAH, Argentina has population of 44.49 million (2018). Many judges have considered that it was Néstor Kirchner who, through a large measure of influence over his wife, actually continued to govern the country even long after he left the presidential office in 2007. Both spouses were also accused during the year of illegally earning large sums of money, but following the news of Néstor Kirchner's death, support for President Fernández de Kirchner increased dramatically.

Argentina Population

On June 19, the more than three-year-long border block over the Uruguay River was temporarily lifted by the city of Gualeguaychú, maintained by Argentine environmental activists in protest of the construction of a pulp mill on Uruguay's side of the river. The intention was to facilitate negotiations between the Argentine and Uruguayan governments on joint monitoring of the plant's environmental impact on the river. The decision was preceded by a ruling in the International Court of Justice in The Hague that could be interpreted in favor of both countries and certain concessions by both governments. The activists, who have so far had support from the Argentine government, were divided on the issue of the lifting of the blockade. In early September, a group of environmental experts, who should have the right to inspect the factory twelve times a year, began their work.

Relations with neighboring Chile were strained at the end of the year when the Argentine government refused to extradite Sergio Galvarino Apablaza, former leader of the Chilean left guerrilla Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez (FPMR). Apablaza has lived in exile in Argentina for many years and is accused of being behind the assassination of Senator Jaime Guzmán in Chile in 1991.

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