In April, Djibouti's parliament abolished the limit on
how long the country's president can keep his post. The
constitutional changes meant that the previous two-term
limit, which would have forced President Ismail Omar Guelleh
in the 2011 election, was removed. Parliament also decided
to shorten the term of office of the presidential office
from six to five years, to create an upper house and to
abolish the death penalty.
has a population of 958,920 (2018). Djibouti and neighboring Eritrea were reported in June to
have agreed to leave Qatar's government to resolve the
border dispute between the countries. According to Guelleh,
Qatar would focus on marking the border and resolving the
issue of prisoners of war.
Violence was reported in June to have erupted in northern
Djibouti between the government army and the guerrilla group
FRUD (Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy),
which is fighting for increased rights for the nomadizing
Afar people. The parties signed a peace agreement in 2002,
and since then, occasional clashes have occurred.