Honduras. On January 27, Porfirio Lobo Sosa, winner of
the 2009 presidential election, was sworn in as Honduras new
president. One of his first measures was to issue a general
amnesty for all those involved in the military coup on June
28, 2009, when the incumbent President Manuel Zelaya was
ousted, which has already been approved by Congress where
Lobo Sosa's party Partido Nacional dominates. At the same
time, the Supreme Court freed the military's command of
suspicion of illegal acts in connection with the coup.
Zelaya himself, who had been at the Brazilian embassy in the
capital Tegucigalpa since the coup, was let out of the
country to the Dominican Republic in connection with the
However, in order to accommodate international opinion
and, in particular, for Honduras to be re-admitted to the
US-based OAS, a Truth Commission was appointed in May to
investigate the course of events, and in October, President
Zelaya and his party were invited to participate. that a
constituent assembly be convened to review the constitution
of the country. The political opposition immediately set up
a parallel truth commission.
has a population of 9.588 million (2018). Crime continued to rise, and in October 79 homicides per
100,000 residents were recorded during the year in Honduras,
which already had the highest homicide rate in the region.