Marshall Islands. In April, the United States Supreme
Court rejected a request for more damages from victims of
U.S. probation in the Marshall Islands. The Supreme Court
upheld a previous ruling by a federal appeals court, which
ruled that residents of the atolls had already received
enough compensation under a 1986 agreement between the
United States and the Marshall Islands.
Marshall Islands has a population of 58,413 (2018). The United States conducted 67 nuclear test blasts in the
Marshall Islands during the period 1946–58. According to
several studies, the explosions have led to an abnormal
number of people having cancer at the atolls. It has also
been found that the United States deliberately subjected
residents to radioactivity to see if they would be harmed.
In 1988, the Marshall Islands established a special
tribunal, the Nuclear Claims Tribunal (NCT), to collect and
assess the damages claims of the victims. The tribunal has
long paid out the roughly US $ 150 million that the US had
set aside for the victims of the trial blasts. The Marshall
Islands government has asked for additional compensation
from the United States and has also backed individual
citizens' claims against the United States.
In May, US National Cancer Institute urged President
Barack Obama to increase support for the victims of the
Marshall Islands during the Cold War. In its annual report,
"The President's Cancer Panel" concluded that the United
States government should pay the damages required by the
Marshall Islands Tribunal and ensure that those affected
receive access to better health care. According to the
report writers, the Marshall Islands are unable to take care
of the continuing health problems caused by the test blasts.
The island nation, for example, lacks its own tumor and
cancer specialist. The closest is in Micronesia on the
island of Guam.
In November, the UN promised to investigate and report in
2011 on the effects of the US test blasts on the Marshall