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North America

List of North American countries and their capitals

Countries Capital Continent
Canada Ottawa North America
United States Washington DC North America
Mexico Mexico City North America

More developed and less developed countries in North America

The North America is formed by Canada, United States and Mexico. Undoubtedly, these are large economies that have a great influence both in America and in other parts of the world. The great world power is found in that subcontinent, the United States .

Largest economy not only in North America but also in the world, the United States has a Gross Domestic Product of approximately US $ 19.39 trillion. The country influences other countries politically, economically and culturally. Because the United States has a very developed economy, it is a territory that attracts people from all over the world, who turn to it for job opportunities. One of its main trading partners is Canada.

Already Mexico is among the countries of North America, the least developed. However, it is worth noting that this nation is one of the largest economies in Latin America - a region on the American continent that corresponds to countries that speak the languages derived from Latin: Spanish, Portuguese and French.

Despite being one of the greatest powers in the region in which it finds itself, Mexico had a late industrialization, therefore, recent. The country, in spite of being industrialized, is still one of those with great income inequality, with an abyss between the rich and the poor. Its economy is still quite dependent on the American economy today.

Central America

According to Countryaah, Central America belongs to the American continent, which is also formed by South America and North America.

Central America is an isthmus, which is limited to the south by Colombia, to the north by the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean).

It covers 523,000 km2 and comprises seven countries: Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.

There are also island countries in the Caribbean Sea: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Granada, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Dominica, Santa Lucia, Saint Kitts and Saint Vincent.


Central America has a mountainous relief and has one of the regions with the highest number of active volcanoes.

The relief advances over the narrow coastal region of the Pacific Ocean to the top of the mountains and gradually descends to a wide region that extends along the Caribbean Sea. The Atlantic and Pacific oceans are connected through the Panama Canal.


Central American hydrography consists of three large lakes: Nicaragua, Managua and Gatún.

The longest rivers in Central America flow into the Caribbean, while the smallest flow into the Pacific Ocean.


Central America has three climatic zones distinct from the so-called "hot land", which comprises regions from sea level to an altitude of 910 m; the “temperate land”, which includes regions from 915 m to 1,830 m; and the “cold land”, which comprises regions up to approximately 3,050 m. The Caribbean coasts have a rain regime very different from that presented on the Pacific coast.

The slopes of the Pacific coast have a dry climate due to the presence of constant cold air, caused by the cold California current, which makes it impossible to absorb water vapor, reducing the possibility of precipitation, however, the temperate water of the Caribbean Sea allows the air to absorb moisture, which is carried by the prevailing east winds.

Fauna and Flora

Central America has characteristics similar to South America and North America. The Caribbean and Pacific coasts have lowland rainforest similar to the rainforests of South America.

However, the vegetation has similarities with that of North America with altitudes between 1,000 m and 1,600 m, with pine and oak forests.

In Costa Rica, at 3,100 m, shrubs similar to those of the Andes mountain range grow. With regard to fauna, it is more similar to that of South America than to that of North America.

Ethnic composition

Most of the population of Central America is of mixed or indigenous origin. The black or mulatto population is predominant on the Caribbean coast. In Belize at least half of the population is of African origin.

In general, indigenous people are less present in southern Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.


The official language in Central America is Spanish, except for Belize where English is spoken. Most indigenous peoples use their own language. In the Caribbean islands, in addition to local dialects, English and Spanish prevail.

Countries in North America
  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Canada
  6. Costa Rica
  7. Cuba
  8. Dominica
  9. Dominican Republic
  10. El Salvador
  11. Greenland
  12. Grenada
  13. Guatemala
  14. Haiti
  15. Honduras
  16. Jamaica
  17. Mexico
  18. Nicaragua
  19. Panama
  20. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  21. Saint Lucia
  22. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  23. Trinidad and Tobago
  24. United States

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