Singapore. According to
Singapore has a population of 5.639 million (2018). A Malaysian-registered tanker leaked outside
Singapore in May following a collision with a cargo ship.
Beaches were blocked off, but most of the roughly 2,500 tonnes of crude oil that leaked could be picked up from the
sea. The Strait of Malacca is heavily trafficked; a quarter
of the world's freight transport is estimated to cross the
One British author focused on the use of the death
penalty in Singapore and on the sensitive issue of freedom
of speech. Human rights groups believe that the authorities
often use the courts to silence critics. Author Alan
Shadrake was arrested in July, suspected of slander, when he
came to Singapore in connection with the publication of a
book on the death penalty. The 76-year-old author was
sentenced in a first trial in November, for offending the
judiciary, to six weeks in prison and a fine of just over
SEK 100,000. In the book, Shadrake is critical of how the
death penalty is applied. A further trial was awaited.
A terrorist leader who escaped from a Singaporean prison
in 2008 but was arrested in Malaysia the following year was
extradited to Singapore in September. Mas Selamat Kastari is
appointed leader of the Singaporean branch of Islamist group
Jemaa Islamiyya. He is accused of planning to hijack an
aircraft and crash it at Singapore International Airport.