Venezuela. In the September 26 congressional elections,
President Hugo Chávez failed to win the two-thirds majority
he sought, despite his party's Partido Socialista Unido de
Venezuela (PSUV) winning 96 of the Congress's 165 seats.
However, the PSUV is still the largest party and the
overweightness of Chávez in public opinion was still
evident. Opposition Alliance Mesa de la Unidad Democrática
(MUD) got 64 seats, and Chávez's former backing party Patria
Para Todos (PPT), who has now joined the opposition, got two
seats. According to
Venezuela has a population of 28.87 million (2018). Particular attention was drawn to María Corina
Machado, who is considered to have the best chances of
defeating Chávez in the 2012 presidential election. Because
of the constitution's constitution, the election result
meant that the opposition was given disproportionately few
In response to Colombia's defense minister Gabriel
Silva's claims in July that the Venezuelan government is
protecting members of the Colombian guerrilla movements FARC
(Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) and ELN
(Ejército de Liberación Nacional) in its territory,
President Chávez refused to prove the installation of the
new Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos August 7.
Relations with neighboring countries have long been chilly,
especially during the resignation of President Álvaro Uribe.
But as a sign that at least Chávez was hoping for better
relations, he received the newly elected President Santos in
Caracas in early November.
At the end of November, the coastal areas were hit by the
worst rainfall since 1999, when at least 10,000 people were
killed. The death toll this time was considerably lower, but
nearly 60,000 people were affected by the storm and half
were evacuated from their homes.
In February 2014, the United States and the right-wing
opposition launched fierce protests against the government.
The right wing established roadblocks in affluent
neighborhoods in the capital, scattered party seams that
punctured vehicle tires and attacked public buildings. The
inspiration came especially from Ukraine, where armed
right-wing gangs dropped the country's government.
Politician Leopoldo López quickly took the lead in the riot
riots. He also played a pivotal role during the CIA coup
attempt against Hugo Chavez in 2002. stated the "arrest" of
the country's then interior minister. In response, López was
jailed on Feb. 18. In February, Venezuela expelled US
diplomats from the country because of their role in
destabilization and protests. While the Latin American
governments almost unanimously supported Maduro and the
Venezuelan state, the United States and most other
(anti-democratic) Western countries condemned Venezuela.
Already in March, the United States began imposing sanctions
The protests erupted around June 2014, but the country's
economic crisis was exacerbated by falling international oil
prices. In 2014, the United States and Saudi Arabia halted
their oil production to destabilize Russia, Iran and
Venezuela, all of which were economically dependent on their
oil exports and at the same time on the US enemy list.
The protests made the sharp class divide in the country
embarrassingly clear. Venezuela has always been
characterized by deep class contradictions, but it was
Chavez's takeover of the government in 1998 that brought the
bourgeoisie to the barricades. The protests in 2014 were led
by the bourgeoisie's politicians, its young people and
co-workers from the affluent parts of the middle classes.
Faced with this were the working class and the country's
poorest, who had the most to lose if the citizenship coup
attempt was to succeed. However, the events also revealed
that Maduro was far from having Chavez's rhetorical and
political endeavor to mobilize the working class and its
allies. Therefore, support for Maduro declined during 2014,
and although the coup attempt and destabilization of the US
and the Right did not immediately lead to a regime change,
On December 10, 2014, the United States Congress passed a
sanctions package aimed at Venezuela. The package was
intended to promote the destabilization of the country. The
move was immediately condemned by the Union of South
American Nations (UNASUR).
Venezuela received per. January 1, 2015 seat of the UN
Security Council for a 2-year term, designated among the
Latin American countries.
In an effort to promote chaos in the country, in March
2015, US President Obama issued a decree stating that
Venezuela was a "security threat" to the United States. Now
it was not Venezuela that had tried to overthrow the United
States government, as the United States had tried to
overthrow the Venezuelan 14 years earlier. Obama used the
alleged security threat to impose targeted sanctions on 7
As a result of the globally historically low oil prices
and the US economic blockade, the economy shrank by 5.7% in
2015. The US was lucky with its economic destabilization.