Argentines are proud of their European ancestry and cities, especially Buenos Aires, are reminiscent of the big cities of the old continent.
On the way to Argentina, it is possible to cross the snow-capped Andes, explore the Mendoza wine-growing area or visit the roaring Iguassu Falls.
Jaksaako no one to eat a pound “baby” -pihviä? Yes, in the case of the meat of an Argentine pamp-free-grown bull squeaking directly from a charcoal grill. And even more certainly when the rider is the Malbec wine of the Mendoza region. For dessert, you can enjoy the atmosphere of the tango club, which sensitizes the mind to the depths of romance. That’s the dose of genuine Argentina.
Argentina. Former President Néstor Kirchner (2003–07) died in his home town of El Calafate on October 27 from a heart attack. At his side were his wife, the current president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. According to COUNTRYAAH, Argentina has population of 44.49 million (2018). Many judges have considered that it was Néstor Kirchner who, through a large measure of influence over his wife, actually continued to govern the country even long after he left the presidential office in 2007. Both spouses were also accused during the year of illegally earning large sums of money, but following the news of Néstor Kirchner’s death, support for President Fernández de Kirchner increased dramatically.
|Land area||2,780,400 km²|
|Residents per km²||16.4|
|Income per capita||$ 20,900|
|ISO 3166 code||AR|
|Time zone UTC||-3|
|Geographic coordinates||34 00 S, 64 00 W.|
On June 19, the more than three-year-long border block over the Uruguay River was temporarily lifted by the city of Gualeguaychú, maintained by Argentine environmental activists in protest of the construction of a pulp mill on Uruguay’s side of the river. The intention was to facilitate negotiations between the Argentine and Uruguayan governments on joint monitoring of the plant’s environmental impact on the river. The decision was preceded by a ruling in the International Court of Justice in The Hague that could be interpreted in favor of both countries and certain concessions by both governments. The activists, who have so far had support from the Argentine government, were divided on the issue of the lifting of the blockade. In early September, a group of environmental experts, who should have the right to inspect the factory twelve times a year, began their work.
Relations with neighboring Chile were strained at the end of the year when the Argentine government refused to extradite Sergio Galvarino Apablaza, former leader of the Chilean left guerrilla Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez (FPMR). Apablaza has lived in exile in Argentina for many years and is accused of being behind the assassination of Senator Jaime Guzmán in Chile in 1991.
Menem had been acquitted of corruption charges, but was considered to carry a heavy political responsibility for the crisis. Kirchner gathered a large majority in Congress, and soon gained an unusually high popularity in the population. With more political power than his predecessors, he advocated for social equalization, the fight against corruption and to give the state a more important role in the restructuring work. The IMF had tightened its requirements for budget cuts and repayments, but was now able to enter into new loans.
The economy again showed clear growth trends, and optimism was about to return both on the stock exchanges and among most people. Creditworthiness further increased when President Kirchner in 2005 got the largest debt settlement in the country’s history, where a necessary majority of creditors agreed to repayment agreements of up to 40 years. But government debt still accounted for nearly three-quarters of gross national income, in the country that has Latin America’s third-largest economy.
In 1998/99, relations with the United Kingdom were normalized after the Falklands War in 1982. However, the theme was undermined and flared up again in the autumn 2007 election campaign, where there were both demands and promises to regain the archipelago as Argentine territory. And as late as the year before, the issue was brought to the surface by the British – who again determined that the colonial status of 1833 was not a negotiating topic. The darkest clouds from the junta era dissolved, into the new century, in line with President Kirchner’s promise of full settlement of the past. The laws that secured police officers and military impunity for torture and murder during the “dirty war” were declared invalid shortly before the 25th anniversary of the military coup in 2001 and formally repealed in subsequent years – following replacements by Supreme Court judges.
Around 400 charges were thus expected, and sentencing followed on a continuous basis. At the 30-year mark in 2006, the government decided to open all the junta-era archives, with information on those between 10,000 and 30,000 who still had “disappeared” status. International human rights organizations noted victory for a protracted struggle, and the well-known activist group Mothers on Maiplassen ended their business.