Mongolia. After a dry and hot summer of 2009, which destroyed a significant part of the hay crop, Mongolia was hit by an unusually bitter winter with a lot of snow and a temperature around -40 ° C for long periods in most of the country. Millions of livestock animals succumbed to the cold and lack of feed. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) decided to pay shepherds to collect the cadavers, partly to create jobs, and partly to reduce the risk of epidemics in the snowmelt.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Mongolia has a population of 3.17 million (2018). President Tsachiagijn Elbegdordj announced in parliament in January that he would henceforth convert all death sentences to 30 years in prison. He explained that his conscience forbade him to approve executions. However, the president was not considered to have the opinion, and this stop for executions was believed to be demolished when the next president takes over.
The ruling former communist Mongolian revolutionary party, now considered a center-left party, decided at its congress in November to change its name to the Mongolian People’s Party, to reflect that its ideal is no longer revolution but “development and social harmony. “.
Mongolia is still one of Asia’s poorest countries, but its huge mineral resources are expected to provide an economic boost over the next few decades. China, in particular, has great interest in its raw materials. In October, Mongolian Mining Corporation became the first company from Mongolia to be listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
In the compression of two large ones
The giant state flourished only about a hundred years ago. After that, internal genealogies and difficulties in managing a large area fragmented it into smaller and smaller parts. A new powerhouse in the northern steppes, the Manchus, eventually conquered the original settlements of the Mongols and also the whole of great China. The Mongols were united by religious leaders, Bogd Gegen, representing Tibetan Buddhism. The majority of the Mongolian population is still Lama.
Mongolia has only two neighbors, China and Russia, and both of them have had a decisive impact on the country’s history. After the collapse of the Chinese mantle in 1911, a political vacuum came to fill Soviet-backed communism, which was not abandoned until 1992. The current parliament has 76 members elected, like the country’s president, by direct popular election. However, the transition to a market economy in the young republic has been tangled. The share of the gray economy is estimated to be equal to that of the actual national economy. Mongolia is a livestock land: goats, sheep, cattle, horses and camels. Drought and monster winters (zud) plague the economy in a country with a harsh continental climate. The most important crops are wheat, barley and oats and potatoes. The mining industry produces e.g. copper, coal, molybdenum, tin,
Today, the large and sparsely populated country is home to 2.9 million people, 4/5 of whom are khalkhas belonging to the eastern branch of the Mongols and speaking Mongolian. The larger Mongol settlement is found in Inner Mongolia, which belongs to China. Known for hawk hunting, Islamic Cossacks live in the northwest corner of the Gobi Desert.