In January 2009, Ethiopia withdrew its last troops from Somalia. The same month, the ARS politicians was Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed (* 1964) elected as the new head of state. He appointed a new caretaker cabinet. Meanwhile, particularly the clashes escalated with the Al-Shabab, who refused the new government recognition. On June 22, 2009, President Sharif called Ahmed a state of emergency. Meanwhile, al-Shabab controlled much of the country. A devastating drought led to a 2011 famine, aggravating the tense situation further. Against this background, the transitional mandate for the political institutions was extended to August 2012 found. In October 2011, marched Kenyan units into the southern Somalia to-Shabab Al-militias to combat the. Even Ethiopia intervened militarily in November 2011th The US used a drone to fight the militias.
In February 2012, conquered troops of the interim government with Ethiopian help the strategically important town of Baidoa, in May 2012 it was possible to bring the city Afgoye under control, making the territory of Al-Shabab could be divided into two parts north and south of Mogadishu, Beginning October 2012 drove the Kenyan intervention force, which had been placed under the AMISOM in June 2012, the Al-Shabab militia from the port city of Kismayo in the south. Despite these setbacks, al-Shabab was but continued to regularly commit capable terrorist attacks in areas controlled by the transitional government areas.
Apart from al-Shabab and the parties from the de facto independent Somaliland all main political forces agreed at conferences in December 2011 and in February 2012 the outlines of a new constitution. Tribal elders summoned the members of a constituent assembly, which agreed on the first 8, 2012 on a new constitution. As determined by the Klanautoritäten deputies of the lower house voted on 10. 9. 2012 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud (* 1955) as the new President. A new cabinet was sworn in November 2012 found. At the International Somalia Conference on 7 5th 2013 in London, the EU said the country means to for the construction of the police and judiciary, further funds secured the UK and the US for security forces. At a meeting in Brussels on 16. 9. 2013, more than 50 donor countries pledged a total of € 1.8 billion, in return, Somalia pledged to build a functioning administration. Although the military conflict decreased, the security situation remained precarious also, 2013. In Mogadishu and other cities committed members of the Al-Shabab militia continued terrorist attacks. In January 2014 a new government was sworn in. In the following years it was possible to further push back the Al-Shabab. In January 2014 Ethiopia strengthened AMISOM with more than 4,000 soldiers. In April 2014, the German Bundestag decided to improve up to 20 Bundeswehr soldiers to Somalia to send to the formation of the government army. In two attacks by the Al-Shabab on the parliament in Mogadishu on 24 5th 2014 and on 5 7th 2014 many people died. On 8 7th 2014, the presidential palace target of an attack in which the nine bombers, and several security forces were killed was. With the support of US Drone AMISOM troops and government soldiers in the course of September could further weaken in 2014, the Al-Shabab. In a drone attack and the Al-Shabab leader came Ahmed Abdi Godane killed. After a no-confidence vote by Parliament against the old government appointed President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud on 17. 12. 2014 Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (* 1960) the new prime minister.
He had already held the office in 2009/10 and was confirmed by the House of Commons with his cabinet on February 9, 2015. Although it was the Somali military succeeded with support from abroad to oust the radical Islamist Al-Shabab from the largest cities, the terrorist group continued to control large areas in the south of the country. During the year there were numerous terrorist attacks, va. Hotels in the capital Mogadishu. Mid March 2015 attacked the terror militia the seat of the regional government in the town of Baidoa. There were several victims, but the government members were unharmed. In June 2015, Al-Shabab fighters stormed a military base of the AMISON peacekeeping mission of the African Union (AU) and killed at least 70 soldiers. The Al-Shabab militias also carried out several terrorist attacks in 2016. The EU announced in November 2016 to extend the mission “Atalanta” by the end of the 2018th The general elections actually planned for 2016 could not be realized due to the unstable political situation. According to loverists, members of Parliament were therefore not selected in 2016 end of all eligible voters in the country, but determined by 14,025 electors. For the first time, the members of the House of Lords were also elected. The members of both chambers of parliament voted on 8 2 2017 in the second round Members of Parliament were therefore not selected 2016 end of all eligible voters in the country, but determined by 14,025 electors. For the first time the election of members of the upper house took place. The members of both chambers of parliament voted on 8 2 2017 in the second round Members of Parliament were therefore not selected 2016 end of all eligible voters in the country, but determined by 14,025 electors. For the first time the election of members of the upper house took place. The members of both chambers of parliament voted on 8 2 2017 in the second round Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo (* 1962), already Prime Minister 2010/11, succeeded Hassan Sheikh Mohamud in the office of President.