Burkina Faso. In February, President Blaise Compaoré
announced that November 21 presidential elections would be
held that year. Since the 2005 elections, the country holds
presidential elections every five years. Compaoré came to
power through a coup in 1987 and has since been elected
president in general elections 1991, 1998 and 2005.
COUNTRYAAH, Burkina Faso
has a population of 19.75 million (2018). Thousands of people were threatened by famine in the
northern parts of the country due to drought during April –
May, the hottest months of the year in Burkina Faso. In
July, the central region, especially the area east of the
capital Ouagadougou, was hit by heavy downpours that led to
flooding. More than 100,000 people were forced to flee their
homes and 16 people were reported dead. Roads, homes and
other buildings were destroyed or damaged.
As expected, President Blaise Compaoré was re-elected in
the first round of November 21 presidential elections. He
received 81 percent of the vote. The other six candidates
who ran in the elections ended up far behind. In second
place came Hama Arba Diallo from the Party for Democracy and
Socialism with just under 8 percent of the vote. Place three
was taken by Bénéwendé Sankara, who represented the Union
pour la Renaissance/Party Sankariste party, and gained
just over 5 percent. Sankara had previously challenged
Compaoré and was considered to be the chief rival of the
incumbent president before the election.
According to election observers, it was a free, peaceful,
credible and transparent choice. It did not agree with the
opposition, but accused the government of electoral fraud.
Among other things, it was claimed that there was a parallel
voting length and that some voters had voted several times.
At the same time, some other voters, especially in areas
where the opposition had many sympathizers, had not received
their voting cards. Sankara demanded that the election be
annulled and that the head of the Election Commission
Gold production in Burkina Faso has risen sharply since
2008. Like other gold producers in the world, the country is
experiencing a boom due to rising world market prices for
the precious metal. Production growth was expected to be 60
percent in 2010, according to the country's Minister of
Mines and Energy Abdoulaye Abdoulkader Cisse. Between 2008
and 2009, production had doubled. Foreign mining investments
in Burkina Faso have increased and in 2010 new gold mines
were expanded, but also zinc and manganese mines. The
authorities expected that 3,000 jobs would be created in the
new mines. The sharp increase in production between 2008 and
2009 had not given many new job opportunities. Gold is
Burkina Faso's second largest cotton export product.