Moldova. The nation was persecuted by Parliament's
failure last year to create a majority for the election of
new president. The political deadlock slowed down necessary
reforms in one of Europe's poorest and most corrupt
Moldova has a population of 3.546 million (2018). The Constitutional Court ruled in March that Parliament
must be dissolved and re-election held again, in order to
allow presidential elections. This had also happened the
year before, and the Constitution stipulated that it must be
a year before Parliament is dissolved again. It was not
until July that the decision could come into force.
The opposition Communist Party hoped that former
President Vladimir Voronin would be allowed to run for a
third term, but in August the Constitutional Court ruled
that this was not possible.
The four parties to the Alliance for European
Integration, in turn, tried to escape the demand for
re-election by announcing a referendum in September that the
people and not Parliament should be elected president. The
Communist Party protested by urging its voters not to go and
vote. It was reported that the party's sympathizers, in
turn, prevented people from voting on Election Day. The
Communist Party election boycott was successful, the turnout
was too low for the result to be valid.
The adversity of the government meant that Parliament had
to be dissolved and new elections announced again - the
third parliamentary election in just over a year and a half.
And even now the result was unclear. Neither the government
nor the opposition were given the 61 seats required to elect
a new president. The government's three liberal parties
together took 59 seats in the end of November and the
Communist opposition 42. The coalition's fourth party, Our
Moldova, fell out of parliament.
One of the coalition parties, the Democrats, was
considering forming government together with the Communist
Party, but after a month of political stalemate, Prime
Minister Vlad Filat managed to rally his own party of
Liberal Democrats, Liberals and Democrats into an
EU-friendly coalition. By the end of December, Democratic
leader Marian Lupu could thus be elected President of
Parliament, and he also became acting president awaiting the
election of a regular.
Chişinău, Russian Chisinau, the capital of Moldova; 794,800 residents (2012).
The city is located by Byk, a tributary to the Dnestr, and contains, in addition
to the administrative capital functions, a versatile industrial sector with,
among other things. machine production; higher education institutions, theaters
and museums. The central districts were built by the Russians in the 1800's. with
the streets in chessboard pattern. The reconstruction after the great
devastation of World War II was undertaken by Aleksandr Shchusev (1873-1949),
who is also known for the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow. The city core has preserved
the character of a provincial city, while the suburbs consist of high-rise
The town is mentioned in 1466 when it belonged to the Moldovan Principality,
which in the early 1500's. came under the Turks. After Russian conquest in 1812,
it became the capital of the government of Bessarabia. Chişinău was, like the
rest of Moldova, incorporated in Romania 1918-40 and 1941-43.