Moldova. The nation was persecuted by Parliament’s failure last year to create a majority for the election of new president. The political deadlock slowed down necessary reforms in one of Europe’s poorest and most corrupt countries.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Moldova has a population of 3.546 million (2018). The Constitutional Court ruled in March that Parliament must be dissolved and re-election held again, in order to allow presidential elections. This had also happened the year before, and the Constitution stipulated that it must be a year before Parliament is dissolved again. It was not until July that the decision could come into force.
The opposition Communist Party hoped that former President Vladimir Voronin would be allowed to run for a third term, but in August the Constitutional Court ruled that this was not possible.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 23,720,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||4.50%|
|GDP per capita||6,700 USD|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||21.9%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||3.50%|
|Investment volume||22.5% of GDP|
|National debt||31.50% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||2,300,000,000 USD|
The four parties to the Alliance for European Integration, in turn, tried to escape the demand for re-election by announcing a referendum in September that the people and not Parliament should be elected president. The Communist Party protested by urging its voters not to go and vote. It was reported that the party’s sympathizers, in turn, prevented people from voting on Election Day. The Communist Party election boycott was successful, the turnout was too low for the result to be valid.
The adversity of the government meant that Parliament had to be dissolved and new elections announced again – the third parliamentary election in just over a year and a half. And even now the result was unclear. Neither the government nor the opposition were given the 61 seats required to elect a new president. The government’s three liberal parties together took 59 seats in the end of November and the Communist opposition 42. The coalition’s fourth party, Our Moldova, fell out of parliament.
One of the coalition parties, the Democrats, was considering forming government together with the Communist Party, but after a month of political stalemate, Prime Minister Vlad Filat managed to rally his own party of Liberal Democrats, Liberals and Democrats into an EU-friendly coalition. By the end of December, Democratic leader Marian Lupu could thus be elected President of Parliament, and he also became acting president awaiting the election of a regular.
Chişinău, Russian Chisinau, the capital of Moldova; 794,800 residents (2012). The city is located by Byk, a tributary to the Dnestr, and contains, in addition to the administrative capital functions, a versatile industrial sector with, among other things. machine production; higher education institutions, theaters and museums. The central districts were built by the Russians in the 1800’s. with the streets in chessboard pattern. The reconstruction after the great devastation of World War II was undertaken by Aleksandr Shchusev (1873-1949), who is also known for the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow. The city core has preserved the character of a provincial city, while the suburbs consist of high-rise buildings.
The town is mentioned in 1466 when it belonged to the Moldovan Principality, which in the early 1500’s. came under the Turks. After Russian conquest in 1812, it became the capital of the government of Bessarabia. Chişinău was, like the rest of Moldova, incorporated in Romania 1918-40 and 1941-43.