Nicaragua. The old conflict with Costa Rica over the San Juan border river was dramatically raised in the latter part of the year, despite the fact that the International Court of Justice in Hague had issued a compromise opinion in 2009 explaining the area of Nicaraguan territory but with the right for Costa Rica to operate on the river. In October, Costa Rica deployed armed police at a border section against Nicaragua, and the following month Nicaraguan troops occupied the island of Isla Calero, which belongs to Costa Rica. A trigger in the recent conflict was the Nicaraguan government’s plans to build a hydroelectric power plant on the river.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Nicaragua has a population of 6.466 million (2018). The constitutional problems with the Supreme Court also continued during the year. In April, two members refused to resign even though their term of office was over. They referred to a decision by President Daniel Ortega that outgoing judges can remain if Congress fails to find a replacement. The refusal of the President of the Court, Manuel Martínez, to recognize the two judges and with political deadlock in Congress meant that even the Supreme Court virtually ceased to function and its legitimacy was strongly questioned. The situation was a reminder of how deeply politicized Nicaragua’s supreme court has become; President Martínez is allied with the opposition party PLC (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) while the two judges have ties to the ruling party FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional).
2018 Rebellion against Ortega Board
In April 2018, a popular uprising against Ortega erupted. The reason was that the government had decided to increase workers’ contributions to the social services and to tax pension payments. The State Social Service Instituto Nicaraguense de Seguridad Social (INSS) had been in deficit for several years, and to correct it the government decided to increase workers’ contributions to INSS from 6.25% to 7%, and at the same time a 5% was added. tax on pension payments. IMFhad instructed the country to cut social budgets and supported the INSS intervention. But in light of the economic crisis in the country, the intervention triggered fierce popular protests and within 5 days 30 had been killed during demonstrations against the government. This led Ortega to withdraw the INSS intervention, but too late. The demonstrations continued and now concentrated on the demand for the departure of Ortegas and the government. Ortega talked about US interference, and it was also true that the US had funded right-wing groups that went to armed attacks on security forces. In previous years, the United States has succeeded in overthrowing the popular governments of Argentina and Brazil and vigorously destabilizing the government of Venezuela. Nicaragua was now the next country to set up a US friendly government. But the uprising was not simply US based.