According to COUNTRYAAH, Samoa has a population of 196,130 (2018). Samoa’s head of state Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Efi (Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi) was banned during the year from the village where his chief title is anchored. Thus his position as head of state was threatened.
The banning decision was made by the Lufilufi City Council and was caused by a building erected on a common at the head of state’s residence without the village being informed.
According to the Prime Minister’s family, there were court decisions on building permits on the land in question, but according to Lufilufi’s clan leader, Mataias, the Head of State had not followed the cultural custom that requires consultation.
According to softwareleverage, Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Efi declared that he would step down as head of state if the conflict could not be resolved by consensus. Although he is elected Samoa’s head of state by the country’s parliament, the office gets its meaning that the proprietor is a good mate for his family and village.
Issues regarding land use that are owned by the traditional right of large families and families are extremely sensitive in Samoa and create ongoing litigation.
The title of Tui Atua means that Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Efi is king or ruler of the Atua district, which forms a large part of Samoa’s main island of Upolu. He was elected Samoa’s head of state in 2007.
History. – At the turn of the first and second decade of the 21st century, Samoa was facing a complex economic situation, determined by the effects of the global crisis and by the enormous damage caused by the tsunami of September 2009. The archipelago, which at the end of 2010 would have been excluded from the UN list of least developed countries (so-called Least developed countries), he obtained from the General Assembly of the United Nations an extension of this status until 1 January 2014, so as to be able to continue to benefit from the support guaranteed to these countries.
At the political level, traditional forms of organization and participation, based on family clans, continued to be of great importance. In the general elections of March 2011, the Human rights protection party (HRPP), in government, won 36 seats against the 13 of the Tautua Samoa party (TSP), a political group born in December 2008, and Prime Minister Tuila’epa Sailele Malielegaoi was confirmed in his post. Located close to the international date line, in 2011 the archipelago changed its time zone, moving forward by 24 hours: in this way, Samoa standardized its calendar to that of strategic commercial partners such as Australia, New Zealand and the Asian Pacific coast states.
In May 2012, Samoa officially joined the World Trade Organization, while in June the Parliament re-elected Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Efi as head of state – for a second five-year term -, who took over from Malietoa Tanumafili II in 2007. in office since the attainment of the country’s independence (1962). The economy of Samoa, which had registered positive signs after the tsunami, was again hit – in December 2012 – by a serious atmospheric event, cyclone Evan, which caused damage to infrastructures and production activities. Exposed to the risks of climate change, in September 2014 the country hosted the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States.